Apse A semi-circular extension to the chancel in a church.
Ashlar Large, smooth faced blocks of masonry.
Chancel The eastern arm of a church, set apart for the use of the clergy.
Collegiate A church to which is attached a college of priests.
Turret Small pointed tower, usually on the side of a building.
Corbel A block of stone projecting from a wall that acts as a support for some feature.
Gothic The period of medieval architecture characterized by the pointed arch.
Gothic Revival A return to the architectural principals of the Middle Ages.
Japanned Varnished and lacquered paper strong enough to be made into household items.
Loggia Row of columns standing out from the main body of the building, to which they are joined by a roof or porch.
Lunette Semi-circular window or crescent shaped area of a wall.
Mansard A roof with a double slope.
Mullions The vertical member between lights in in window opening.
Nave The main body of a church, usually from door to choir. The word comes from the Latin for Ship, as the nave was thought to resemble an upturned ship. Also the Church was often described as the Barque of Peter, as Jesus preached a sermon from Peter’s boat when the crowds on land became too pressing.
Oriel Window A projecting window in an upper storey.
Perpendicular Style of Gothic architecture popular from the 14th to 16th centuries, used for many English cathedrals.
Pilaster Shallow column attached to a wall.
Reredos Screen of stone or wood covering the wall at the back of an altar.
Tester Canopy acting as a sounding board for a pulpit.
Tansepts The two “arms” of a church that give it its cruciform shape.

Decorated or arcaded band at roof height in the Nave of a church.

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