The Census Return Layout
The heading at the top now includes the
Ecclesiastical District. This is useful as you can now find the
Parish in which people were born. All the titles remain the same as
in 1851, except for the addition of the housing column. For the
first time those who
worked and lived on canal boats had to be included in the count.
The local institutions also had to fill out a census form for all
those there at that time. This is particularly useful when looking
for people who were in the workhouse.
Local workhouses were opened, after the Poor Law Amendment Act of
1834, which created 600 unions of Parishes. Under this Act, a board
of guardians, elected by ratepayers, was set up. All outdoor relief
ceased, and all paupers were forced into the workhouse, whose
conditions were particularly harsh.