LODGES AND GATEHOUSES

Ang Johnson


A lodge was, originally, a small house in the grounds of a larger one, and intended for temporary use, for example, whilst hunting.  The word is still used in the sense of a house within the grounds of a larger house, usually at the gates of the main drive.  But it is also used as the name, or part of the name, of a house standing in its own grounds, such as “Ivy Lodge”.

A gatehouse was, originally, the building around the entrance through the walls of a town or castle.  In later times it came to be used as a general term for any building near the gates of the main drive to a large house.

The term “gatekeeper’s house” indicated a gatehouse in which the man who opened and closed the gates across the main drive lived.  Only the biggest houses could have afforded a full time gate keeper, so the occupant in most gatekeeper’s houses, would have other functions such as gardening.  When the Victorians came to build public parks they usually provided gate houses which were occupied by park staff and who opened and shut the park gates morning and evening.

In due course the same applied to gatehouses generally and to lodges.  They became, in effect, staff accommodation.  Most of the buildings – mainly Victorian - shown on these pages  fall into this category.  Staff could also be accommodated in houses elsewhere on the estate and two examples of “estate villages” are shown on these pages.

Coach houses were built to accommodate both the carriages used by the occupants of the main house and, often, the coachman and other members of staff connected with the horses and carriages.  In later times they were often converted into garages for cars.  These buildings were often at or near the gates to the main drive and the occupant would have a gate keeping function.

Many of these buildings seem to have survived better than the large house to which they were attached.  They provide a size of accommodation more in keeping with modern needs.

Any further identifications of gatehouses and lodges in Wolverhampton would be gratefully received.  Please email me at:  stonechat44@tiscali.co.uk
 

 Lodge to Tettenhall Wood House, Wood Road.

The house was the home of Sir Alfred Hickman.  It was a beautiful house which was demolished in 1969 to build a new housing estate. 

Sir Alfred was an ironmaster and industrialist.  His steel works in Bilston later became Stewarts and Lloyds and then BSC.  He also owned Wergs Hall and Wightwick Hall.

Lodge to Compton Hall, Compton Road.

The Hall was built between 1840 and 1850.  Thomas Elwell was a hardware merchant living here in 1856.  It passed through many hands, including Charles Elwell, Henry Denton, Sir John Morris,William Hodson, Thomas Byron Adams JP (around 1900), a Mr.Jenks, the the Eye Infirmary, and finally and currently, Compton Hospice.

The words "Jenyns Lodge" are above the door of the lodge.

The Coach House, corner of Grove Lane and Church Road, Tettenhall Wood.

This is the coach house to "Afcot", which lay directly behind Christ Church and Church Road.  It was the home of Sir Charles Marston from 1902 to 1928.  He later went to live in Tunbridge Wells and then Stratford upon Avon, but he always kept a home in the area, namely "Longville", Pattingham.

Before Sir Charles the house had been called "Springbank". Later it was "Broomfield House", the home of H. N. Edge.

Coach Houses in Ormes Lane, Tettenhall Wood

The single storey building on the left is the coach house to what is now called Bromley House. On the right is the coachman's cottage to "Southbourne". 

A James Edward Underhill was in "Southbourne" around 1902; and a Mrs. Iles lived here in the 1940s.  The house was later demolished and new houses built in its place.

North and South Lodges, West Park

These lodges, built of pressed red brick with timber features, are exact mirror images of each other.  This is the South Lodge, with the verandah to the left.  There is a small garden behind each lodge.  They were designed by G. Eastlake Thomas, the Borough Engineer.  The park was opened on Whit Monday, 1881.

The lodges would have housed park keepers and their families.  The keepers saw to the daily running of the park - and opening and closing the gates, morning and evening.

Planning permission has been applied for to change the North Lodge's use to teaching and office facilities (2008). 

Lodge to Danescourt, Danescourt Road, Tettenhall.

The house was built in 1869 by Edward Perry, tinsmith and japanner, whose works were in Paul Street.

In 1908 the house was owned by Edward Hickman.  Later it was occupied by troops. It was eventually demolished in 1958.

Avenue House Lodge, the Rock, Tettenhall.
  

This is the lodge to Avenue House, which still stands off Clifton Road.  They are connected by a roadway which winds up the hill side.

A William Pearce Baker lived in the house around 1900.  An N.P.Bayliss lived there in the 1940s.

The coach house and stable block were fully restored by the current owner.

Elmsdale Lodge, corner of Viewlands Drive and Bridgnorth Road.

 

This lodge stood by the carriage drive to Elmsdale Hall, the home of Colonel Henry Loveridge, the japanner and tinsmith, from 1883 and before him the home of Sir John Morris.  The lodge and the house are in the same architectural style.

Later it was owned by Jesse Varley, the embezzler; and then by a Miss Swift, who changed its name to Viewlands.  It was converted into flats in 1990 and has reverted to its original name of Elmsdale. 


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